MASTERTALENT!!!!

KNOWLEDGE AND EDUCATION

               KNOWLEDGE OF INDIA

Capital of  Indian States and Union Territories

 

             State and  Union Territories                   Capital


Andaman & Nicobar (AN)

Port Blair

 

Andhra Pradesh (AP)

Hyderabad

 

Arunachal Pradesh (AR)

Itanager

 

Assam (AS)

Dispur

 

Bihar (BR)

Patna

 

Chandigarh (CH)

Chandigarh

 

Chattisgarh (CG)

Raipur

 

Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DN)

Silvassa

 

Daman & Diu (DD)

Daman

 

Delhi (DL)

Delhi

 

Goa (GA)

Panaji

 

Gujarat (GJ)

Gandhinagar

 

Haryana (HR)

Chandigarh

 

Himachal Pradesh (HP)

Shimla

 

Jammu & Kashmir (JK)

Srinagar, Jammu

 

Jharkhand (JH)

Ranchi

 

Karnataka (KA)

Bangalore

 

Kerala (KL)

Trivandrum

 

Lakshadweep (LD)

Kavaratti

 

Madhya Pradesh (MP)

Bhopal

 

Maharashtra (MH)

Mumbai

 

Manipur (MN)

Imphal

 

Meghalaya (ML)

Shillong

 

Mizoram (MZ)

Aizwal

 

Nagaland (NL)

Kohima

 

Orissa (OR)

Bhubaneswar

 

Pondicherry (PY)

Pondicherry

 

Punjab (PB)

Chandigarh

 

Rajasthan (RJ)

Jaipur

 

Sikkim (SK)

Gangtok

 

Tamil Nadu (TN)

Chennai

 

Tripura (TR)

Agartala

 

Uttar Pradesh (UP)

Dehra Dun

 

Uttarakhand (UK (Formerly UA)

Lucknow

 

West Bengal (WB)

Calcutta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Important Dates of Indian History

 

1001

First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni.

 

1191

Prithviraj defeats Mohd. Gauri at Ist battle of Tarain.

 

1192

Mohd. Gauri defeats Prithviraj at 2nd battle of Tarain.

 

1498

Discovery of sea-route to India by Vasco-de-Gama.

 

1526

First battle of Panipat, Babar founded Mughal Empire in India.

 

1600

Easst India Company established in India

 

1657

War of succession among the sons of Shah Jahan begins.

 

1761

Third battle of Panipat.

 

1764

Battle of Buxar.

 

1773

Regulating Act.

 

1833

Macaulay recommended English to be the medium of instruction in India.

 

1853

First Railway Line opened in India.

 

1857

Indian Mutiny for independence, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities founded.

 

1869

Birth of Mahatma Gandhi.

 

1885

Indian National Congress founded.

 

1889

Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru born.

 

1905

Partition of Bengal.

 

1911

Partition of Bengal revoked.

 

1919

Jalianwalah Bagh Tragedy.

 

1920

Non-co-operation Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi.

 

1928

Visit of Simon Commission boycotted.

 

1930

First round Table Conferece of London.

 

1937

Provincial Autonomy, Congress forms Ministries.

 

1942

Arrival of Cripps Mission in India, Quit India resolution passed by Congress.

 

1947

Division of India, India and Pakistan formrd into separate independent Dominions.

 

1948

Mahatma Gandhi assassinated.

 

1949

Cease-fire in Kashmir, Indian Constitution signed and adopted.

 

1950

India becomes a Sovereign Democratic Republic.

 

1951

First Five Year Plan commenced.

 

1952

First general election in the country, Congress party comes to power.

 

1956

States Reorganisation Act.

 

1957

2nd General election in India.

 

1961

Liberation of Goa.

 

1962

Third General election in India. Chinese attack on India.

 

1964

Death of Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru.

 

1965

Indo-Pak war.

 

1966

Tashkent Agreement signed between India and Pakistan.

 

1967

Fourth General Elections held.

 

1969

Split in the Indian National, death of Prasident Dr.Zakir Hussain.

 

1971

Mid-term elections for Lok Sabha.

 

1972

Reorganisation of the North-Eastern region- Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura became full fledged states.

 

1973

Death of M.S. Golwalker(R.S.S. Chief).

 

1974

India's Nuclear Blast, 36th constitution Bill passed by parliament making Sikkim as an associate state of India.

 

1659-1707

Reign of Aurangzeb.

 

1943-1944

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Hukumat.

 

273-232 B.C.

Ashoka's reign.

 

300-500

Gupta Dynasty- the golden age of Hindu India.

 

327-26 B.C.

Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe.

 

405-411

Visit of Fahien(Chinese Traveller).

 

563 B.C.

Birth of Gautama Buddha, Nirvana(483 b.c.).

 

58 B.C.

Beginning of Vikram Era.

 

599 B.C.

Birth of Mahavir, Nirvana(527 B.C.).

 

606-647

Harsh Vardhan's reign.

 

 

 

 

 

First in India

 

Aircraft Carrier Indian Ship

I.N.S. Vikrant

 

American president to visit India

Dwight David Eisenhower

 

Asian Games organized in India

Delhi (in 1951)

 

atomic Submarine of India

I.N.S. Chakra

 

British Prime Minister to visit India

Harold Mc Millon

 

British to visit India

Hawkins

 

Chief justice of India

Justice Hiralal J. Kania

 

chief of Air Staff of India

Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst

 

Chief of Army Staff of India

General M.Rajendra Singh

 

chief of Naval Staff of India

Vice- Admiral R.D Katari

 

Chinese pilgrim to visit India

Fa-hien

 

Commander-in-chief of free India

General K.M. Cariappa

 

Commander-in-chief of Free India

General Roy Bucher

 

Dalit Speaker of the Lok Sabha

G.M.C. Balyogi

 

Deputy prime Minister of India

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

 

e-business news paper of India

Financial Express

 

Education Minister of Independent India

Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad

 

Election Commissioner of India

Sukumar Sen

 

Emperor of Moghul Dynasty in India

Babar

 

field Marshal of India

General S.F.J. Manekshaw

 

foreign recipient of Bharat Ratna

Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan

 

Governor General of Bengal

Warren Hastings (1774-85)

 

Governor General of Ind. India

Lord Mountbattten

 

Governor General of India

Lord William Bentic (1833-35)

 

Governor of Bengal

Lord Clive (1757-60)

 

Home Minister of Independent India

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

 

Indian air Chief of India

Air Marshal S. Mukherjee

 

Indian author to get Anderson Award

Ruskin Bond

 

Indian Cosmonaut (to go into space )

Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma

 

Cricketer to make double centuries 5 times

Rahul Dravid

 

WOman to win in a Wimbledon tourament

Sania Mirza

 

Governor general of Independent India

C.Rajgopalachari (21 June,1948

 

I.C.S. Officer

Satyaendra Nath Tagore

 

Woman to win a medal in World Athletics

Anju Bobby George

 

Missile

Prithvi

 

Woman to win the Miss Great Britain Title

Preeti Desai

 

Pilot

J.R.D. Tata (1929)

 

Prime Minister to loose an election

Indira Ghandi

 

Prime Minister to resign from office

Morarji Desai

 

recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics

Dr. Amartya Sen

 

Scientist to get Nobel Prize

C.V. Raman (Physics)

 

Space Tourist

Santosh George

 

submarine

I.N.S. Cauveri

 

United Nations Civilian Police Advisor

Ms. Kiran bedi

 

to climb Mount Averest

Tenzing Norgay

 

to fly the U.S. space shuttle

Dr. Kalpana Chawla

 

to get Bhart Ratna Award

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

 

to get Jnanpeeth Award

G. Shankar Kurup

 

to get Paramvir Chakra

Major Somnath Sharma

 

to make printing press popular in India

James Hicky

 

to pass ICS

Surendra Nath Benerjee

 

to reach Antarctica

Lt. Ram Charan (1960)

 

to reach the south Pole

Col. I.K.Bajaj

 

to ski to the north pole

Ajeet Bajaj

 

to Swim Across English Channel in India

Mihir Sen

 

to win Magsaysay Award

Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1958)

 

to win Palk- Strait Ocean Swimming Contest

Baidyanath Nath

 

to win Stalin Award

Saiffudin Kichlu

 

to win world Billiards Trophy

Wilson ones

 

Weightlifter to win bronze medal in Olympics

Karnam Malleshwari

 

woman Airline Pilot

Durga Banerjee

 

woman Air-vice-Marshal

P. Bandopadhyaya

 

woman Ambassador at United Nations

Vijayalakshmi Pandit

 

woman Chairman and Managing Director of NABARD

Mrs. Ranjana Kumar

 

woman cricketer to score adouble century

Mithali Raj

 

woman I.P.S. Officer

Kiran Bedi

 

woman Merchant Navy Officer

Sonali Banerjee

 

woman Musician to get

M.S. Subbulakshmi

 

woman president of Indian National Congress

Sarojini Naidu (1925)

 

woman Speaker of State Assembly in India

Mrs. Shanno Devi

 

woman to become Miss Universe

Sushmita Sen

 

woman to become Miss World

Miss Reita Faria

 

woman to climb the Mt. Everest

Bachendri Pal

 

woman to get Ashok Chakra

Nirja Mishra

 

woman to get Bharat Ratna

Smt. Indira Gandhi

 

woman to get Jnanpith Award

Ashapurna Devi

 

woman to get the Nobel Prize

Mother Teresa (1979)

 

woman to go into space

Kalpana Chawla

 

woman Lt. General in the Indian Army

Puneeta Arora

 

woman to swim across the English Channel

Miss Arati Saha (now Mrs. Arati Gupta)

 

woman to win a Gold Medal in Asian Games

Kamaljeet Sandhu

 

woman to win the Booker Prize

Arundhati Roy

 

woman to win WTA Title

Sania Mirza

 

Woman yo cross seven important seas by swimming

Bula Chaudhury

 

World Chess Champion

Vishwanathan Anand

 

large-scale Atomic Reactor of India

Apsara (1956)

 

medium range Missile of India

Agni

 

minister to resign form Union Cabinet of India

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee (1950)

 

Muslim President of Indian National Congress

Badruddin Tayab Ji

 

Muslim President of Indian Republic

Dr. Zakir Hussain

 

Nobel Prize Winner of India

Rabindra Nath Tagore

 

Nuclear Centre of India

Tarapur

 

Open university of India

Andhra Pradesh Open University

 

Paperless Newspaper of India

The News Today

 

post-office opened in India

Kolkata (1727)

 

president of Constituent Assembly of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

 

President of India to die in office

Dr. Zakir Hussain

 

president of Indian National Congress

W.C. Banerjee

 

President of Indian Republic

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

 

Prime Minister of Independent India

Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

 

to win Nobel prize in Physics

Subrahmanium Chandrasekhar

 

Sikh Prime Minister of India

Dr. Manmohan Singh

 

Speaker of lok Sabha

G.V. Mavlankar (1952-57)

 

to win an individual Olympic gold for India.

Abhinav Binra

 

Talkie Film in India

Alam Ara

 

Test Tube Baby of India

Indira (Baby Harsha)

 

University of India

Nalanda University

 

vice president of Independent India

Dr. S. Radhakrishan

 

Vice-President of India to die in harness

Krishna Kant

 

woman Chief Justice of a High Court in India

Smt. Leela Seth

 

woman Chief Minister of a state in India

Sucheta Kripalani(U.P)

 

woman governor in India

Sarojini Naidu

 

woman Judge in Supreme Court in India

Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Biwi

 

woman president in India

Smt. Pratibha Patil

 

woman President of I.N.Congress in India

Dr. Annie Besant

 

woman president of the Republic of India

Pratibha Patil

 

woman Prime Minister of India

Smt. Indira Gandhi

 

woman crime branch chief in India

Meera Borwankar

 

woman to be appointed Deputy Governor of RBI

K.J. Udeshi

 

woman Union Minister in India

Rajkumari Amrita Kaur

  

 

 

India -Largest, Longest, Highest and Smallest

 

Biggest Hotel

Oberal

 

Deepest river valley

Bhagirathi & Alaknanda

 

Densest populated State

West Bengal

 

Highest Airport

Leh (Laddakh)

 

Highest Award

Bharat Ratna

 

Highest Battle field

Siachin Glacier

 

Highest Dam

Bhakra Dam (Punjab)

 

Highest Gallantry Award

Paramveer Chakra

 

Highest Gateway

Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)

 

Highest Lake

Devatal (Garhwal)

 

Highest mountain peak

Godwin Austin (k2)

 

Highest Tower

Pitampura Tower, Delhi

 

Highest Waterfall

Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka)

 

Largest animal Fair

Sonepur (Bihar)

 

Largest cantilever span bride

Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

 

Largest cave temple

Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)

 

Largest Church

Saint Cathedral (Goa)

 

Largest corridor

Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)

 

Largest Delta

Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal

 

Largest Desert

Thar (Rajasthan)

 

Largest Dome

Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)

 

Largest forest state

M.P.

 

Largest Gurudwara

Golden Temple, Amritsar

 

Largest lake (Fresh water)

Wular lake (Kashmir)

 

Largest Lake (Saline water)

Chika lake, Orissa

 

Largest man-made Lake

Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

 

Largest Mosque

Jama Masjid, Delhi

 

Largest Museum

National Museum, Kolkata

 

Largest Planeterium

Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)

 

Largest Port

Mumbai

 

Largest railway route

From Jammu to Kanya Kumari

 

Largest river island

Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)

 

Largest Stadium

Salt lake (Yuva Bhaeti), Kolkata

 

Largest State (Area)

Rajasthan

 

Largest State (Population)

Uttar Pradesh

 

Largest Zoo

Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata

 

Longest Beach

Marina Beach, Chennai

 

Longest Dam

Hirakod Dam (Orissa)

 

Longest Electric railway line

From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna

 

Longest national highway

NH-7 which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari

 

Longest populated city

Mumbai

 

Longest Railway Platform

Kharagpur (W. Bengal)

 

Longest river

Ganges

 

Longest River Bride

Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna

 

Longest river which forms estuary

Narmada

 

Longest Road

Grand Trunk Road

 

Longest tunnel

Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)

 

Place of heaviest rainfall

Mausinram (Meghalaya)

 

Smallest State (Area)

Goa

 

Smallest State (Population)

Sikkim

 

State with longest coastline

Gujarat

 

State with longest coastline of South

Andhra Pradesh

 

The longest river of the south

Godavari

 

The longest tributary river

Yamuna

  

 

 

 

 

India's Battle

 

Year

Details of Battle

 

712

Invasion of Sind by Mohd-bin-Qasim.

 

1191

First Battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohd. Ghori.

 

1192

Second Battle of Tarain in which Mohd.Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.

 

1194

Battle of Chhandwar in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Jaichandra of Kannauj.

 

1526

First Battle in Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi.

 

1527

Battle of Khanua in which Babar defeated Rana Sanga.

 

1529

Battle of Ghaghara in which Baber defeated the Afghans.

 

1539

Battle of Chausa in which Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun.

 

1540

Battle of Kannauj (or Bilgram) in which Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and forced him to flee.

 

1556

Second Battle of Panipat in which Bairam Kahan (representing Akbar) defeated Hemu.

 

1565

Battle to Talikota (or Banihatti) in which an alliance of Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Golkonda and Bidar defeated the Vijaynagar empire (represented Sadasiva).

 

1576

Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap.

 

1615

Mewar submitted to the Mudhals. A treaty of peace was signed between Jahagir and Rana Amar Singh of Mewar.

 

1649

Kandahar was lost to Persia forever by the Mughals.

 

1658

Battle of Dharmatt and Samugarh in which Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh.

 

1665

Raja Jai Singh Defeated Shivaji and the Treaty of Purandar siged.

 

1708

Battle of Khed in which Shahu defeated Tara Bai.

 

1737

Battle of Bhopal in which Baji Rao defeated Mohd. Shah.

 

1739

Battle of Karnal in which Nadir Shah defeated Mohd. Shah.

 

1757

Battle of Plassey in which the English forces (Under Robert Clive) defeated Siraj-ud-daula, the Nawab of Bengal.

 

1760

Battle of Wandiwash in which the English forces defeated the French forces.

 

1761

Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas.

 

1764

Battle of Buxar in which the English under Munro defeated the alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.

 

1767-69

First Anglo Mysore War in which Hyder Ali defeated the English forces.

 

1770

Battle of Udgir in which the Marathas defeated the Nizam.

 

1766-69

First Anglo Maratha War in which the British were defeated.

 

1780-84

Second Anglo Mysore War. Hyder Ali died During the battle (1782) and the field was taken by his son Tipu Sultan. The war concluded with the Treaty of Mangalore (1784)

 

1789-92

Third Anglo Mysore War in which Tipu Sultan was defeated. The Treaty of Serirangapatnam followed.

 

1799

Fourth Anglo Mysore war in which Tipu was Defeated and Killed.

 

1803-06

Second Anglo Maratha War in which the British defeated the Marathas.

 

1817-19

Third Anglo Burmese War in which the British defeated the Marathas badly.

 

1824-26

First Anglo War in which the British defeated the Burmess.

 

1839-42

First Anglo Afghan War in Which the British Defeated Afghan ruler Dost Mohammad.

 

1845-46

First Anglo Sikh war in which the Sikhs were defeated.

 

1848-49

Second Anglo Sikh war in which the Sikhs were defeated and Punjab was annexed by the British.

 

1852

Second Anglo Burmese War in which the British won.

 

1865

Third Anglo Burmese War in which the British won & annexed Burma.

 

1868-80

Second Anglo Afghan war in which the English suffered losses.

 

1919-21

Third Anglo Afghan War in which the English, Though victorious, did not benefit from the war.

  

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