Capital of Indian States and Union Territories
State and Union Territories Capital
Andaman & Nicobar (AN)
Andhra Pradesh (AP)
Arunachal Pradesh (AR)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DN)
Daman & Diu (DD)
Himachal Pradesh (HP)
Jammu & Kashmir (JK)
Madhya Pradesh (MP)
Tamil Nadu (TN)
Uttar Pradesh (UP)
Uttarakhand (UK (Formerly UA)
West Bengal (WB)
Important Dates of Indian History
First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni.
Prithviraj defeats Mohd. Gauri at Ist battle of Tarain.
Mohd. Gauri defeats Prithviraj at 2nd battle of Tarain.
Discovery of sea-route to India by Vasco-de-Gama.
First battle of Panipat, Babar founded Mughal Empire in India.
Easst India Company established in India
War of succession among the sons of Shah Jahan begins.
Third battle of Panipat.
Battle of Buxar.
Macaulay recommended English to be the medium of instruction in India.
First Railway Line opened in India.
Indian Mutiny for independence, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities founded.
Birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
Indian National Congress founded.
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru born.
Partition of Bengal.
Partition of Bengal revoked.
Jalianwalah Bagh Tragedy.
Non-co-operation Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi.
Visit of Simon Commission boycotted.
First round Table Conferece of London.
Provincial Autonomy, Congress forms Ministries.
Arrival of Cripps Mission in India, Quit India resolution passed by Congress.
Division of India, India and Pakistan formrd into separate independent Dominions.
Mahatma Gandhi assassinated.
Cease-fire in Kashmir, Indian Constitution signed and adopted.
India becomes a Sovereign Democratic Republic.
First Five Year Plan commenced.
First general election in the country, Congress party comes to power.
States Reorganisation Act.
2nd General election in India.
Liberation of Goa.
Third General election in India. Chinese attack on India.
Death of Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru.
Tashkent Agreement signed between India and Pakistan.
Fourth General Elections held.
Split in the Indian National, death of Prasident Dr.Zakir Hussain.
Mid-term elections for Lok Sabha.
Reorganisation of the North-Eastern region- Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura became full fledged states.
Death of M.S. Golwalker(R.S.S. Chief).
India's Nuclear Blast, 36th constitution Bill passed by parliament making Sikkim as an associate state of India.
Reign of Aurangzeb.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Hukumat.
Gupta Dynasty- the golden age of Hindu India.
Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe.
Visit of Fahien(Chinese Traveller).
Birth of Gautama Buddha, Nirvana(483 b.c.).
Beginning of Vikram Era.
Birth of Mahavir, Nirvana(527 B.C.).
Harsh Vardhan's reign.
First in India
Aircraft Carrier Indian Ship
American president to visit India
Dwight David Eisenhower
Asian Games organized in India
Delhi (in 1951)
atomic Submarine of India
British Prime Minister to visit India
Harold Mc Millon
British to visit India
Chief justice of India
Justice Hiralal J. Kania
chief of Air Staff of India
Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst
Chief of Army Staff of India
General M.Rajendra Singh
chief of Naval Staff of India
Vice- Admiral R.D Katari
Chinese pilgrim to visit India
Commander-in-chief of free India
General K.M. Cariappa
Commander-in-chief of Free India
General Roy Bucher
Dalit Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Deputy prime Minister of India
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
e-business news paper of India
Education Minister of Independent India
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
Election Commissioner of India
Emperor of Moghul Dynasty in India
field Marshal of India
General S.F.J. Manekshaw
foreign recipient of Bharat Ratna
Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
Governor General of Bengal
Warren Hastings (1774-85)
Governor General of Ind. India
Governor General of India
Lord William Bentic (1833-35)
Governor of Bengal
Lord Clive (1757-60)
Home Minister of Independent India
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Indian air Chief of India
Air Marshal S. Mukherjee
Indian author to get Anderson Award
Indian Cosmonaut (to go into space )
Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma
Cricketer to make double centuries 5 times
WOman to win in a Wimbledon tourament
Governor general of Independent India
C.Rajgopalachari (21 June,1948
Satyaendra Nath Tagore
Woman to win a medal in World Athletics
Anju Bobby George
Woman to win the Miss Great Britain Title
J.R.D. Tata (1929)
Prime Minister to loose an election
Prime Minister to resign from office
recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics
Dr. Amartya Sen
Scientist to get Nobel Prize
C.V. Raman (Physics)
United Nations Civilian Police Advisor
Ms. Kiran bedi
to climb Mount Averest
to fly the U.S. space shuttle
Dr. Kalpana Chawla
to get Bhart Ratna Award
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
to get Jnanpeeth Award
G. Shankar Kurup
to get Paramvir Chakra
Major Somnath Sharma
to make printing press popular in India
to pass ICS
Surendra Nath Benerjee
to reach Antarctica
Lt. Ram Charan (1960)
to reach the south Pole
to ski to the north pole
to Swim Across English Channel in India
to win Magsaysay Award
Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1958)
to win Palk- Strait Ocean Swimming Contest
to win Stalin Award
to win world Billiards Trophy
Weightlifter to win bronze medal in Olympics
woman Airline Pilot
woman Ambassador at United Nations
woman Chairman and Managing Director of NABARD
Mrs. Ranjana Kumar
woman cricketer to score adouble century
woman I.P.S. Officer
woman Merchant Navy Officer
woman Musician to get
woman president of Indian National Congress
Sarojini Naidu (1925)
woman Speaker of State Assembly in India
Mrs. Shanno Devi
woman to become Miss Universe
woman to become Miss World
Miss Reita Faria
woman to climb the Mt. Everest
woman to get Ashok Chakra
woman to get Bharat Ratna
Smt. Indira Gandhi
woman to get Jnanpith Award
woman to get the Nobel Prize
Mother Teresa (1979)
woman to go into space
woman Lt. General in the Indian Army
woman to swim across the English Channel
Miss Arati Saha (now Mrs. Arati Gupta)
woman to win a Gold Medal in Asian Games
woman to win the Booker Prize
woman to win WTA Title
Woman yo cross seven important seas by swimming
World Chess Champion
large-scale Atomic Reactor of India
medium range Missile of India
minister to resign form Union Cabinet of India
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee (1950)
Muslim President of Indian National Congress
Badruddin Tayab Ji
Muslim President of Indian Republic
Dr. Zakir Hussain
Nobel Prize Winner of India
Rabindra Nath Tagore
Nuclear Centre of India
Open university of India
Andhra Pradesh Open University
Paperless Newspaper of India
The News Today
post-office opened in India
president of Constituent Assembly of India
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
President of India to die in office
Dr. Zakir Hussain
president of Indian National Congress
President of Indian Republic
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Prime Minister of Independent India
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
to win Nobel prize in Physics
Sikh Prime Minister of India
Dr. Manmohan Singh
Speaker of lok Sabha
G.V. Mavlankar (1952-57)
to win an individual Olympic gold for India.
Talkie Film in India
Test Tube Baby of India
Indira (Baby Harsha)
University of India
vice president of Independent India
Dr. S. Radhakrishan
Vice-President of India to die in harness
woman Chief Justice of a High Court in India
Smt. Leela Seth
woman Chief Minister of a state in India
woman governor in India
woman Judge in Supreme Court in India
Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Biwi
woman president in India
Smt. Pratibha Patil
woman President of I.N.Congress in India
Dr. Annie Besant
woman president of the Republic of India
woman Prime Minister of India
Smt. Indira Gandhi
woman crime branch chief in India
woman to be appointed Deputy Governor of RBI
woman Union Minister in India
Rajkumari Amrita Kaur
India -Largest, Longest, Highest and Smallest
Deepest river valley
Bhagirathi & Alaknanda
Densest populated State
Highest Battle field
Bhakra Dam (Punjab)
Highest Gallantry Award
Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)
Highest mountain peak
Godwin Austin (k2)
Pitampura Tower, Delhi
Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka)
Largest animal Fair
Largest cantilever span bride
Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)
Largest cave temple
Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)
Saint Cathedral (Goa)
Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)
Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal
Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)
Largest forest state
Golden Temple, Amritsar
Largest lake (Fresh water)
Wular lake (Kashmir)
Largest Lake (Saline water)
Chika lake, Orissa
Largest man-made Lake
Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)
Jama Masjid, Delhi
National Museum, Kolkata
Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)
Largest railway route
From Jammu to Kanya Kumari
Largest river island
Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)
Salt lake (Yuva Bhaeti), Kolkata
Largest State (Area)
Largest State (Population)
Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata
Marina Beach, Chennai
Hirakod Dam (Orissa)
Longest Electric railway line
From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna
Longest national highway
NH-7 which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari
Longest populated city
Longest Railway Platform
Kharagpur (W. Bengal)
Longest River Bride
Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna
Longest river which forms estuary
Grand Trunk Road
Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
Place of heaviest rainfall
Smallest State (Area)
Smallest State (Population)
State with longest coastline
State with longest coastline of South
The longest river of the south
The longest tributary river
Details of Battle
Invasion of Sind by Mohd-bin-Qasim.
First Battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohd. Ghori.
Second Battle of Tarain in which Mohd.Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.
Battle of Chhandwar in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Jaichandra of Kannauj.
First Battle in Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi.
Battle of Khanua in which Babar defeated Rana Sanga.
Battle of Ghaghara in which Baber defeated the Afghans.
Battle of Chausa in which Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun.
Battle of Kannauj (or Bilgram) in which Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and forced him to flee.
Second Battle of Panipat in which Bairam Kahan (representing Akbar) defeated Hemu.
Battle to Talikota (or Banihatti) in which an alliance of Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Golkonda and Bidar defeated the Vijaynagar empire (represented Sadasiva).
Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap.
Mewar submitted to the Mudhals. A treaty of peace was signed between Jahagir and Rana Amar Singh of Mewar.
Kandahar was lost to Persia forever by the Mughals.
Battle of Dharmatt and Samugarh in which Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh.
Raja Jai Singh Defeated Shivaji and the Treaty of Purandar siged.
Battle of Khed in which Shahu defeated Tara Bai.
Battle of Bhopal in which Baji Rao defeated Mohd. Shah.
Battle of Karnal in which Nadir Shah defeated Mohd. Shah.
Battle of Plassey in which the English forces (Under Robert Clive) defeated Siraj-ud-daula, the Nawab of Bengal.
Battle of Wandiwash in which the English forces defeated the French forces.
Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas.
Battle of Buxar in which the English under Munro defeated the alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.
First Anglo Mysore War in which Hyder Ali defeated the English forces.
Battle of Udgir in which the Marathas defeated the Nizam.
First Anglo Maratha War in which the British were defeated.
Second Anglo Mysore War. Hyder Ali died During the battle (1782) and the field was taken by his son Tipu Sultan. The war concluded with the Treaty of Mangalore (1784)
Third Anglo Mysore War in which Tipu Sultan was defeated. The Treaty of Serirangapatnam followed.
Fourth Anglo Mysore war in which Tipu was Defeated and Killed.
Second Anglo Maratha War in which the British defeated the Marathas.
Third Anglo Burmese War in which the British defeated the Marathas badly.
First Anglo War in which the British defeated the Burmess.
First Anglo Afghan War in Which the British Defeated Afghan ruler Dost Mohammad.
First Anglo Sikh war in which the Sikhs were defeated.
Second Anglo Sikh war in which the Sikhs were defeated and Punjab was annexed by the British.
Second Anglo Burmese War in which the British won.
Third Anglo Burmese War in which the British won & annexed Burma.
Second Anglo Afghan war in which the English suffered losses.
Third Anglo Afghan War in which the English, Though victorious, did not benefit from the war.